Essential Nutrients and Ionic Forms

Essential Elements

Essential Nutrients

Naturally Occurring Elements

Elemental Abundance in Plant Tissue

Sufficiency Ranges

Cation Exchange

Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC)

Base Saturation

Soil Solution

Supply of Nutrients to Plant Roots

Nutrient Availability and Mobility


Reference Materials

Soils: An Introduction to Soils and Plant Growth. 6th Edition. Donahue, Miller, and Shickluna.

Soil Fertility and Fertilizers, 3rd Edition. Tisdale and Nelson. 1975. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York, NY.

Soil Acidity and Liming, 2nd Edition. F. Adams. 1984. ASA, Madison, WI.

Soils and Soil Fertility. Troeh, Frederick and L.M. Thompson. 1993. Oxford University Press. New York, Ny.